Kuo-Sheng Lai is assistant curator at the National Palace Museum, Taipei. His American colleagues call him by his Anglicized name Grayson. His dissertation "Learning New Painting from Japan and Maintaining National Pride in Early Twentieth Century China, with Focus on Chen Shizeng (1876–1923)" discusses the early 20th century phenomenon of Chinese painters going to Japan to learn Western painting. It focuses on how they did so while keeping their age-old Chinese self-pride. Kuo-Sheng Lai was awarded a 2-year post-doctoral fellowship by the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan upon obtaining his PhD degree from the University of Maryland in 2006. After the post-doctoral fellowship, he stayed to teach Introduction to Western Art and Introduction to Eastern Art at the National Cheng Kung University before joining the National Palace Museum.
Besides modern Chinese painting, Kuo-Sheng Lai's recent research interests include Japanese pan-Asianism, art and architecture of Taiwan during Japanese colonial era, and Asian art from a global perspective. He presented the paper "Constructing A Colonial Throne and Realizing A Modern Paradise: Gardens of the Taiwan Governor-General's Residence" in the inaugural AAS-in-Asia conference in Singapore. He also presented "The Ideals of the East and the Course of Tōyōga in Twentieth Century Taiwan" in the 2014 AAS Annual Conference in Philadelphia. The topics of his recent journal papers include the modern Chinese painters Gao Jianfu and Jin Cheng and the Taiwanese ink painting style. Kuo-Sheng Lai believes that object-based study is the core of Art History. Stylistic analysis takes an important part in his papers even when the main arguments are about cultural and sociological issues.